1.A Definition of Anarcho-Syndicalism
The application of the anarchist argument to the syndicalist option has provided valuable theoretical elements for the fights of the workers’ movement.
Both the theory and the practice of anarchism can make sense only if they are revolutionary. But the distinction normally made by anarchists between revolutionary acts and reformist acts is fundamentally equivocal: it is the violent actions that are considered to be revolutionary and the peaceful ones which are considered to be reformist. However this division does not take into account the effects produced by these acts.
The knowledge that every social change is also a cultural transformation, poses the problem of the existence of an anarchist existential philosophy which is capable of providing a valid and complete alternative to that of Domination.
Up to now, anarchism has not been capable of creating such a philosophy.
The aim of this contribution will be to discern whether the history of anarchist thought and practice contains elements that can be useful for the elaboration of a libertarian philosophy of living, and to determine the cause if such e
Psychoanalysis was born at the end of the last century as a therapeutic method for treating neuroses and later become the science of unconscious mental processes. The use of the term has always had a certain degree of ambiguity, owing to the fact that psychoanalysis is at one and the same time a theory of the personality, a theory of psychopathology and its genesis, a method of research and a means of treating psychiatric disturbances.
Miners in Bolivia celebrated 1984 in their own way with an example of workers’ management that is without doubt unrivalled in the third world in these times of crisis and the decline of self-management.
As I write these lines this experience is already more than a year old.
First of all, it is necessary to sketch out a brief but relatively complete portrait of George Orwell in order to determine what led him to write "1984".
There are four events which were particularly influential:
- his research among the unemployed in the North of England in 1936 which brought him in touch with the reality of the workers;
- the Spanish War in 1937 and his discovery of the totalitarian phenomenon through the rewriting of history: the events of May 1937 "reexamined and corrected" by the Communist Party;
- Le varie correnti socialiste al potere in Francia, le loro filiazioni storiche: il socialismo cristiano, il socialismo marxista, etc.
- La presenza dell’ideologia socialista nella gestione della società da parte del Partito Socialista: statalizzazione.
Il programma di modernizzazione iniziato da Zhou En-Lai e quindi portato avanti da Deng dopo la consolidazione del suo potere, ha rappresentato agli occhi della maggior parte degli osservatori una svolta nella storia cinese contemporanea, considerata in modo positivo. Per loro MODERNIZZAZIONE significa una riconciliazione necessaria con i paesi occidentali più avanzati, che a sua volta significa distensione nella politica internazionale.